Ioannis Metaxas (1871 – 1941) was a Greek military officer, politician and dictator. He was active in the military campaigns of the Balkan wars, and was a proponent of the neutrality of Greece during World War I. He retired as a military officer with the rank of Colonel, and became active in politics, as a monarchist. He led the August 4 1936 coup, and was installed as dictator with the support of the Palace. His rule is known as the “4th of August Regime”. Metaxas was in power during the attack of fascist Italy in 1940, but died before the Nazi invasion of Greece.